Ruff Greens K9 VitaSmart® Ingredients

With 20 Essential Vitamins and Minerals, 15 Probiotics, over 20 Digestive Enzymes, Omega Oils and much more. Ruff Greens provides your dog the LIVE nutrients to not only get back on the Road to Health, but the nutrition they need to stay there.

Full Description & Benefits

Barley Grass

Benefits

Barley Grass Juice Powder is a powder from dried barley grass. It is high in iron, copper, and folic acid to promote immune health. A natural source of protein that plays an essential role in strengthening your pet’s muscles. Rich source of Vitamins, Minerals, and antioxidants. May have detoxifying effects. Supports heart, skin, and digestive health.†

Nutrients

Vitamins: A, C, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B6, Folate, Biotin†

Minerals: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Iron, Zinc, Chromium†

Antioxidants: Flavonoids, Saponarin, Iutonarin, Superoxide Dismutase (SOD)†

Resources

USDA Food Composition Databases
USDA SR-21
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume 2018, Article ID 3232080
J Agric Food Chem. 2010 Nov 24;58(22):11755-61.

Notes

Betaine is naturally occurring amino acid that acts as a methyl donor in numerous physiological processes such as Vascular, heart, Liver, Muscle, and Digestive Function.†

Blackberry

Benefits

Blackberry Powder is a fruit used as natural source of vitamins and minerals to give your pet healthy immune function. It is a great source of fiber for healthy digestion and a source of antioxidants. Exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective properties, increase fat oxidation, and improve insulin sensitivity.†

Nutrients

Vitamins: A, C, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, Folate†

Minerals: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Iron, Zinc†

Antioxidants: Ellagic Acid, Anthocyanins, Flavonoids, Polyphenols†

Resources

USDA Food Composition Databases
Phytother Res. 2018 Jul;32(7):1404-1414
Nutrients. 2018 Aug; 10(8):1048

Blueberry

Benefits

Blueberry Powder is derived from blueberries and contains natural antioxidants and vitamins to boost your pet’s immune function. Blueberries are rich in polyphenols which may protect bones and joints. Cardio protective, help balance blood sugar levels, improve memory and learning, contain potent antioxidant compounds, accelerate fibroblast activity and act as an inti-inflammatory. †

Nutrients

Vitamins: A, C, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, Folate†

Minerals: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Iron, Zinc†

Antioxidants: Anthocyanins, Malvinin Glycosides, Polyphenols†

Resources

USDA Food Composition Databases
Phytomedicine. 2009 May;16(5):406-15. Epub 2009 Mar 20
PLoS One. 2009 Nov 19;4(11)
Nutrition. 2011 Mar;27(3):338-42.
Mol Nutr Food Res. 2010 Mar;54(3):531-4.
Food Chem. 2019 May 15;280:187-194.

Broccoli

Benefits

Broccoli Powder is a vegetable used as natural source of fiber to help your pet’s digestion. It’s a natural source of protein to help strengthen your pet’s muscles. It has the added benefits of carbohydrates to support your pet’s energy levels. Has antihyperlipidemic, immune boosting, anti-tumor and antidiabetic effects.†

Nutrients

Vitamins: A,C, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, Folate†

Minerals: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Iron, Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Selenium†

Antioxidants: Sulforaphane, Lutein, Zeaxanthin, Beta Cryptoxanthin Has been found to have blood pressure lowering†

Other Nutrients: Choline, Betaine†

Resources

USDA Food Composition Databases
SelfNutrition Data
Cancer Lett. 2010 May 5.
Prev Nutr Food Sci. 2017 Dec;22(4):277-284.
Mol Nutr Food Res. 2015 May;59(5):918-926.
Arthritis Rheum. 2010 Jan;62(1):159-70.

Flaxseed

Benefits

Flaxseed is a nutrient-rich seed. It is used as natural source of healthy fat, antioxidants, and fiber. It also contains alpha-linolenic acid, also known as ALA or omega-3, for healthy skin and a shiny coat, and is a rich source of fiber for healthy digestion. High in minerals and healthy fats. High in essential fatty acids, which are necessary for brain, nerve, heart, and immune health. Beneficial for healthy skin and coat.†

Nutrients

Vitamins: C, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, Folate, Biotin†

Minerals: Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Potassium, Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Selenium†

Other Micronutrients: Choline Betaine†

Healthy Fatty Acids: Omega 3,6, and 9†

Resources

USDA Food Composition Databases
USDA SR-21
Acta Med Iran. 2017 dec;55(12):785-792.
Vopr Pitan. 2012; 81(3):4-10.
Vet Dermatol. 2001 Apr;12(2):111-7.
Genet Mol Res. 2014 Jul24;13(3):5322-32

Notes

Betaine is naturally occurring amino acid that acts as a methyl donor in numerous physiological processes such as Vascular, heart, Liver, Muscle, and Digestive Function.†

Kale

Benefits

Kale is popular vegetable and a member of the cabbage family. It has the added benefit of Vitamin A, Vitamin K and Vitamin C. Kale is among the most nutrient-dense foods in existence and contains very little fat, but a large portion of the fat is an omega-3 fatty acid called alpha linolenic-acid which supports your pets joints. Supports vision health, is anti-proliferative, increases the production of glutathione, helps lower blood pressure and supports heart health.†

Nutrients

Vitamins: A, C, K, B1, B2, B3, B6, Folate, Pantothenic Acid†

Minerals: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Iron, Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Selenium†

Antioxidants: Lutein, Zeaxanthin, Carotenoids, Polyphenols, Flavonols, Anthocyanins, Hydroxycinnomonic Acids, Glucosinolates†

Resources

USDA Food Composition Databases
SelfNutrition Data
Nutrition. 2013 Nov-Dec;29(11-12):1412-7.
J Agric Food Chem. 2012 Aug 1;60(30):7375-83.
Nutr Res Pract. 2015 Feb;9(1):49-56.
J Agric Food Chem. 2012 Jul 17.
Biomed Environ Sci. 2008 Apr;21(2):91-7.

Kelp

Benefits

Kelp is a nutrient-dense seaweed that is an excellent source of iodine. It has naturally occurring minerals, antioxidants, and may protect the liver from damage. Some of the antioxidants in Kelp could reduce the build-up of fat in the liver as well.

Nutrients

Vitamins: B1, B2, B3, Folate, Niacin, Pantothenic Acid

Minerals: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Zinc, Iron, Copper, Manganese, Selenium

Antioxidants: Carotenoids, Fucoxanthin, Polyphenols

Other Nutrients: Choline

Resources

SelfNutrition Data
USDA, Food Data Central
Mar Drugs. 2019 Feb 28;17(3).
Mar Drugs. 2015 Apr; 13(4): 2196–2214.
Mar Drugs. 2015 Feb 16;13(2):1051-67.

Mushroom

Benefits

Mushrooms are an amazing item that will enhance your pets overall immune function. It has balanced lipid levels and may lower blood pressure. There have been several studies as well where it has been seen to have anti-bacterial and detoxifying effects. It has also been noticed that this is an amazing source of micronutrients and potassium.

Nutrients

Vitamins: B1, B2, B3, Folate, Niacin, Pantothenic Acid

Minerals: Calcium, Potassium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Iron, Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Selenium

Antioxidants: Phenols

Other Nutrients: Beta Glucans, Polysaccharides

Resources

SelfNutrition Data
USDA, Food Data Central
Biomed Res Int. 2019; 2019: 7528609.
Food Funct. 2019 May 22;10(5):2560-2572.
Sci Rep. 2018; 8: 17630.

Papaya

Benefits

Papayas contain an enzyme called papain that aids digestion. Papaya is also high in fiber and water content, both of which help to prevent constipation and promote regularity and a healthy digestive tract. Papaya is also great for hair because it contains vitamin A, a nutrient required for sebum production, which keeps hair moisturized. Vitamin A is also necessary for the growth of all bodily tissues, including skin and hair.†

Nutrients

Vitamins: A, B, C, Beta Carotene†

Minerals: Folate, Magnesium, Pantothenic Acid†

Antioxidants: Lycopene†

Resources

Parsley

Benefits

Parsley is flowering plant that is naturally rich in antioxidants for your pet’s immune function. It’s a natural source of vitamins and minerals to support bone and joint health. It is also a nutrient-dense source of fiber for healthy digestion. Found to help balance blood sugar levels *Shown to protect the brain, liver, and gastro-intestinal tract against damage, help balance blood sugar levels, and has anti-fungal and anti-bacterial effects.†

Nutrients

Vitamins: A, C, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, Folate†

Minerals: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Iron, Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Selenium†

Antioxidants: Cryptoxanthin, Lutein, Zeaxanthin, Polyphenols, Apigenin†

Other Micronutrients: Choline, Chlorophyll†

Resources

USDA Food Composition Databases
USDA SR-21
NutrionValue.org
J Tradit Chin Med. 2013 Dec;33(6):815-26.
Biol Pharm Bull. 2003 Aug;26(8):1206-10.
J Ethnopharmacol. 2006 Mar 8;104(1-2):175-81.

Pineapple

Benefits

Resources

Plant Based Enzymes

Benefits

Plant-based enzymes are a great addition to help ensure optimum digestion and increase nutrient absorption for all parts of your pet’s diet. They support the breakdown of allergens and serve as anti-inflammatory agents in a simple, yet potent ingredient.

Resources

Clin Immunol. 2014 Aug;153(2):323-31.
Phytother Res. 2011 Jan;25(1):49-52.
Poult Sci. 2003 Aug;82(8):1281-91.
Eksp Klin Farmakol. 2001 Jul-Aug;64(4):48-9.
Altern Med Rev. 2008 Dec;13(4):307-14.

Probiotics

Benefits

Probiotics have been recognized to have many beneficial effects including immune boosting and digestive support. In recent years however they have also been discovered to improve exercise performance, help manage weight, support cardiovascular health, and even support mood and learning benefits in the brain. They may also lower cholesterol and have several detoxifying effects.

Resources

J Clin Med. 2018 Dec 16;7(12).
Front Psychiatry. 2019; 10: 164.
J Sport Health Sci. 2017 Jun; 6(2): 179–197.
Sci Rep. 2019; 9: 5688.
Rev Gastroenterol Peru. 2012 Oct-Dec;32(4):387-93.
Sci Rep. 2019; 9: 8268.

Pumpkin

Benefits

Pumpkin is a vegetable with natural antioxidants and disease-fighting vitamins and minerals for your pets immune function. They are high in vitamin A, lutein and zeaxanthin which may help your pets eyesight, skin and coat. Have anti-inflammatory effects, may improve insulin sensitivity, may inhibit certain types of cancers and is high in antioxidants.†

Nutrients

Vitamins: A, C, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B6, Folate, Niacin, Pantothenic Acid†

Minerals: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Iron, Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Selenium†

Antioxidants: Lutein, Zeaxanthin, Carotenoids, Beta Cryptoxanthin, Phenols†

Other Nutrients: Choline, Phytosterols†

Resources

Self Nutrition Data
J Agric Food Chem. 2005 Jun 15;53(12):4836-42.
Recent Pat Food Nutr Agric. 2009 Jan;1(1):50-8.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2009 May;73(5):1033-41
Oncol Rep. 2012 Mar;27(3):891-7.

Rice Bran

Benefits

Rice Bran is the nutrient-rich outer hull of rice kernels. It is rich in dietary fiber to aid in digestion and elimination. It is a good source of essential minerals to help support healthy bones and joints. Rice Bran is a nutrient dense Superfood, high in essential fatty acids, which are necessary for brain, nerve, heart, and immune health. Beneficial for Healthy Skin and Coat. Found to reduce unhealthy cholesterol and improve blood sugar balance.†

Nutrients

Vitamins: A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, Folate, Biotin, and E.†

Minerals: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Manganese, Iron, Copper, Zinc†

Antioxidants: Lycopene, Lutein, Zeaxanthin, Cryptoxanthin, Tocotrienols†

Phytosterols: Beta-Sitosterol, Stigma sterol, Campesterol, Brassicasterol†

Other Micronutrients: Choline, Inositol, Y-Oryzanol *Healthy Fatty Acids: Omega 3, 6, and 9†

Resources

USDA Food Composition Databases
Ann Nutr Metab. 2010;56(1):45-51.
Food Funct. 2017 Mar 22;8(3):935-943.
Phytother Res. 2013 Feb;27(2):264-71.
J Med Food. 2009 Jun;12(3):615-23.
J Anim Sci. 2004 Apr;82(4):1122-35.

Notes

Phytosterols are plant compounds that block the absorption of dietary cholesterol, thereby lowering cholesterol intake. Choline is an essential nutrient that is necessary for liver function, brain development, muscle movement, nerve function, and metabolism. Inositol is a vitamin like plant substance that make improve mood disorders and help with insulin sensitivity. Y-Oryzanol may help lower cholesterol, balance hormones, and reduce symptoms of aging.†

Spinach

Benefits

Spinach Powder is a vegetable powder with tons of nutrients to help boost your pet’s nutrition. It is important for skin, hair, and bone health. It has the added benefit of vitamins & minerals to boost your pet’s nutrition.Has been found to have immunostimulatory, blood pressure lowering, anti-aging, anti-tumor, and cardioprotective properties.†

Nutrients

Vitamins: A, C, E, K, B2, B3, B6, Folate†

Minerals: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Iron, Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Selenium†

Antioxidants: Lutein, Zeaxanthin, Carotenoids†

Resources

USDA Food Composition Databases
Self Nutrition Data
Phytomedicin. 2004 Nov;11(7-8):607-15.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2016 Jul; 80(7):1393-402.
J Nutr. 2016 May;146(5):986-93
J Neurosci. 1999 Sep 15;19(18):8114-21.
Exp Ther Med. 2013 Jan;5(1):17-22.

Strawberry

Benefits

Strawberry Juice Powder is a fruit powder that is high in Vitamin C and dietary fiber to boost your pet’s nutritional intake. It’s a natural anti-inflammatory to help reduce swelling and pain. It has the added benefit of fiber to help your pet’s digestion. Support Brain Health, heart health, help balance blood sugar levels and contain potent antioxidants.†

Nutrients

Vitamins: A, C, E, K, B3, B5, B6, Folate†

Minerals: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Iron, Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Selenium†

Antioxidants: Anthocyanins, Lutein, Zeaxanthin, Polyphenols†

Other Nutrients: Choline, Betaine, Phytosterols†

Resources

USDA Food Composition Databases
Self-Nutrition Data
Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2009 Jan;12(1):91-4.
J Agric Food Chem. 2011 Nov 29
PLoS One. 2011;6(10):e25878

Sunflower Seed

Benefits

These seeds are an amazing addition to any diet to support heart health and promote healthy detoxification of the body. It contains Minerals and micronutrients that aid in reducing weight even! They are full of Vitamins like A, E, and even K alongside many other vital nutrients for overall health and better cholesterol.

Nutrients

Vitamins: A, C, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B6, Folate, Niacin, Pantothenic Acid

Minerals: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Iron, Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Selenium

Antioxidants: Carotenoids, Anthocyanins, Phenols

Other Micronutrients: Choline, Betaine, Phytosterols

Resources

Sweet Potato

Benefits

Sweet Potato is an irreplaceable nutrient in that it is full of carotenoids for eye and cardiovascular support. It has vitamins and minerals that are needed, and shown to have anti- inflammatory and anti-diabetic effects. It is a great way to support healthy skin and coat in your pet.

Nutrients

Vitamins: A, C, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B6, Folate, Niacin, Pantothenic Acid

Minerals: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Iron, Zinc, Copper, Manganese, Selenium

Antioxidants: Carotenoids, Anthocyanins, Phenols

Other Nutrients: Choline, Phytosterols

Resources

Wheat Grass

Benefits

Wheat Grass is the freshly sprouted first leaves of wheat plants. It is a natural source of nutrients and antioxidants to help aid your pet’s immune function. It is a superfood that can help eliminate toxins and help with digestion. Very high in Vitamin E and the B Vitamins. May have Detoxifying effects. Helps support immune function.†

Nutrients

Vitamins: A, C, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, Biotin†

Minerals: Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Manganese, Iron, Copper, Zinc†

Antioxidants: Methylphophorbide, Polyphenols, and Flavonoids†

Other Micronutrients: Choline, Chlorophyll†

Resources

USDA Food Composition Databases
Self Nutrition Data
Nat Prod Res. 2016 Feb;30(4):474-7.
Phytother Res. 2006 Mar;20(3):218-27.
Pak J Pharm Sci. 2011 Jul;24(3):243-50.
J Biol Chem. 2013 Apr 29.